Natural and social conditions

1. Geographical location:

Nghe An province lies between 180 33' and 200 01' north latitude, and from 1030 52' to 1050 48' east longitude, which is in the center of the northern part of Central Vietnam.

It is located between Thanh Hoa and Ha Tinh, bordered to the West by Laos and to the East by the East Sea.

Lying on the East-West economic corridor connecting Myanmar – Thailand – Laos – Vietnam by the ASEAN Highway 7 to Cua Lo seaport, Nghe An has a grade 1 city, 3 towns and 17 districts, of which Vinh city is the economic and cultural centre of the province and of the North Central Region.

2. Topography:

Situated  to  the  northeast  of  the Truong  Son  ranges,  Nghe  An  has diversified and complex topography, sharply split by mountain ranges and rivers, sloping from the north west downward to the southeast with three distinct ecological regions: the mountainous  areas (accounting for 83% of the province),  lowlands  and  coastal  plains. The highest peak is mount Pulaileng (at 2,711m) in Ky Son district, the lowest are the plains in districts of Quynh Luu, Dien Chau, Yen Thanh, even at 0.2 m above sea level (Quynh Thanh commune, Quynh Luu  district).

3. Climate and Hydrology:

- Climate: Nghe An is in the tropical monsoon region, directly affected by dry, hot Southern - West monsoon (from April to August) and cool, wet northern East monsoon (from November to March of the following year). The average temperature ranges around 23 and 24,20C. The annual rainfall is 1,200 – 2,000 mm. The average humudity fluctuates between 80% and 90%. The province receives an annual average of 1,460 sunshine hours.

- Hydrology:  Nghe An has 7 river basins (with separate estuaries) with the total length of river being 9,828 km, the average density is 0,7 km/km2,  the largest river is the Ca (the Lam river), originating from Muong Pec District (Xieng Khoang Province of Laos) with the length of 522 km (361 km in Nghe An province), a basin of 27,200 km2 (of which 15,346 km2 is in Nghe An province). The annual total water volume is about 28,109 m3)

4. Natural land area:

Nghe An has natural land area of 1.649.368,62 hectares. It is Vietnam’s largest province with complex and diversified topography including seas, plains, midlands and mountains. The agricultural land accounts for 1,238,315.48 hectares, of which farming land is 256,834.9 hectares, forest land 972,910.52 hectares, land for aquaculture 7,457.5 hectares, land for salt production 837.98 hectares, land for other agricultural purposes 265.58 hectares, non-agricultural land 124,653.12 hectares, not-yet-used land 286,056.4 hectares.

Large land area is a great potential to develop agriculture, forestry and fishery production on a large scale, to produce raw materials for processing industry including long-term and short-term plants, fruit trees, herbal plants, cattle and poultry husbandry.

5. Population and labour:

With more than 3,1 million people, Nghe An is Vietnam’s fourth largest province in population (after Ha Noi, Ho Chi Minh city and Thanh Hoa). The urban dwellers account for 13.1%; women account for 50.32%; the population not involving in agricultural production accounts for 31.3%. The average population density is 178 people/km2. The natural population growth rate is 1.0%. 

Nghe An is the native land of President Ho Chi Minh, the world cultural celebrity. It has a fond-of-learning tradition and is famous for its excellent, diligent and creative people. It is the educational and training centre for the North Central Region with 5 universities, 11 colleges offering various programs such as economics, technology, vocational skills, teachers, medical care, culture and arts. Particularly, professional and vocational schools in the province are able to meet the investors’ demand for human resources. 

The total labor force is about 1.8 million people, of whom professionally trained workers account for 44%, skill-trained laborers account for 36%.

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Video introducing nghe an
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